Confirmation bias is a cognitive bias in which individuals favour information that confirms their existing beliefs, opinions, or values, and ignore or discredit information that contradicts them.
It can influence the way people perceive information, interpret events, and make decisions, leading to a distorted view of reality and poor judgement. Confirmation bias can be seen in various forms, such as seeking out information that supports one’s beliefs and ignoring information that doesn’t, interpreting ambiguous information in a way that supports one’s beliefs, and recalling information selectively based on one’s beliefs.
The risk of confirmation bias can be reduced by actively seeking out alternative perspectives and exposing oneself to a diverse range of information sources, as well as by critically evaluating one’s own beliefs and assumptions.
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